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国家开放大学人文英语期末考试复习资料(部分)

2020-07-15 信息来源:国家开放大学报名网 立即报名 字体:

An Extraordinary Change of Direction
Molly Wilson had been a dancer and a mother for many years when she decided to sail round the world to raise money for charity.
As a child she had trained as a ballet dancer, but at 15 she had grown too tall for classical ballet, so she became a member of a pop dance team
She got married, and after she had chi ldren she retired from show business to bring them up. They grew up, and when they were 18 they left home.
She says,"When I decided to do the round-the-world race, my husband thought I was borerd because the children had left home. He was also worried because I had never sailed before I was not bored, but I had met some people who told me about the race. They had taken part in it, but they had only done one section, say, from New Zealand to Australia. I wanted to do the whole ten-month journey.
Before Molly left she did a lot of training, but it hadn' t prepared her for the worst weather which they experienced. She tells one story. "One night the sea was very rough and it was very cold. I had gone downstairs when a huge wave smashed into the boat and injured two men on the deck. One of the men couldn' t move because he had broken his leg. They were taken to hospital by helicopter. That was the worst time.
By the end of October last year, she had raised more than $50, 000 for charity.
She says, "Sometimes I ask myself, what did I do? How did I do it? But then I think, it' s the same as being a dancer. Before I left on trip, I had trained hard. I had got very fit and had prepared myself completely. Then on the trip I was simply a good team member."
21. What does the word"extraordinary" mean in the title? ( B)
A. Very ordinary
B.Very unusual and surprising.
C. Not special
22. The sentence“…… my husband thought I was bored……” in Para. 4 meant that my husband thought I felt      A     
A. dissatisfied because I had nothing better to do at home
B. annoyed because I had to wait long for my children to come back home
C. happy because I could do something I was interested in instead of taking care of children
23. The word"section" in the fourth paragraph probably means   C     
A. group of people
B. part of the training
C. part of the route of sail
24. Which of the following is nearest (closest) in meaning to “ rough” in the sentence“ One night the sea was very rough……” in Para. 5? ( C )
A. not exact
B. difficult
C. not smooth because of huge waves
25. The last paragraph suggests that     A       
A. the qualities she needed for the trip were the same as those for a dancer.
B. many years of dancing had already prepared her for the sail completely, so she needn' t do any thing before the journey
C. she should be kind to other team members during the trip
 
26-30题:请根据短文内容判断给出的语句是否正确,正确的写“T”,
错误的写“F”,并将答案写在答题纸上。
Benjamin Disraeli, the famous nineteenth century prime minister, said, "London is not a city, it is a nation. "Today this is an understatement: London, with its vast range of different ethnic groups, is a world
Certainly, London is the most culturally diverse city in the world. The city was founded by the Romans and since then new arrivals have constantly added to its character and prosperity.
Within 10 years 40% of Londoners will be from ethnic origin, but most of them will have been born in Britain. Children of Caribbean-Chinese marriages will go to school with children of Russian-Irish couples None of them will be English but all of them will be Londoners
Most of Britain' s ethnic minority residents live in the capital, speaking over 300 languages. Nearly all of the African population and many of the Caribbean population of Britain live in London (83% and 58% respectively): 39% of the Chinese population of Britain and 36% of the Asian population of London
There are an estimated 330, 000 refugees and asylum seekers living in London, with most recent arrivals coming from Eastern Europe, North Africa and Kurdistan
Young people, in particular, are skilled at deal ing with a large number of different and hybrid cultures. They themselves often have several different ethnie identities since their parents and grandparents may come from severa different backgrounds and their friends and partners do also They are"skilled cross-cul tural travellers" without leaving their home-town.
26. London is a nation.(F)
27. The city of London was founded by the Romans.(T)
28. All African population live in London. (F)
29. 39% of the total population of London are Chinese. (F)
30. There are an estimated 33, 000 refugees and asy lum seekers in London(F)
2\三、阅读理解
21-25题:阅读下列短文,从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个正确答案,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。
People all over the world today are beginning to hear and learn more and more about the problem of pollution. Pollution is caused either by man s release of completely new and often artificial substances into the environment, or by releasing greatly increased amounts of a natural substance, such as oil tankers into the sea
Whatever it' s underlying reasons, there is no doubt that much of the pollution caused could be controlled if only companies, individuals and governments would make more efforts In the home there is an obvious need to control litter and waste Food comes wrapped up three or four times in packages that all have to be disposed of: drinks are increa singly sold in bottles or tins which cannot be reused. This not only causes a litter problem, but also is a great waste of resources, in term of glass metals and paper. Advertising has helped this process by persuading many of us not only to buy things we neither want nor need, but also to throw away much of what we do buy Pollution and waste combine to be a problem everyone can help to solve by cutting out unnecessary buying, excess consumption and careless disposal of the products we use in our daily lives.
21. The main cause of pollution is   A   
A the release of artificial or natural substances into the envIronment
B. the production of new industrial goods
C. increased amounts of a natural substance
22. Much of the pol lut ion could be controlled if only   C   
A. people would pay more attention to the problem
B. governments would take effective measures
C. all sides concerned would make more efforts
23. Food packages, bottles and tins for drinks can cause   B  
A. air and water pollution
B. both a litter problem and a waster of resources
C. to pay for the service
24. Which of the following cannot help solving the problem of pollution?(A)
A. Cutting out unnecessary buying
B. Eating.
C. Reduce excess us
25. What does the underlined word "litter" mean in Para. 2?(C)
A. not many
B. serious problem
C. bits of waste things
26-30题:请根据短文内容判断给出的语句是否正确,正确的写“T”错误的写“F”,并将答案写在答题纸上。
John Preston lives in a flat in north London. He moved there after his wife died four years ago to be closer to his daughter’s family, and because his big detached house and garden were too much work for him as he got older. It' s easier in the flat because the letting agent does everything that needs doing. The agent has had the roof repaired and got the gutter replaced. but at the moment John is not satisfied because the window frames need painting and the garden looks neglected. The agent
had the windows painted two years ago, but the painters didn’t do it very well, so they need doing again. John pays over E 1,500 a year for service and maintenance, and he thinks that it's not good enough because the flats look shabby and a lot of things need repairing
His daughter, June, and her husband. Peter, on the other hand, have to do everything themselves or find builders to do it. They live in a large seai-detached house further out from the center of London than John but they are still near enough to see hin often. They live in the suburbs with a nice garden where their children play. They noved there four years ago to have aore space. The only drawback is that June s husband has to commute into the centre of London every day, but, overall they are happy with their decision. When they bought the house a lot needed doing to it and it still does. June says, We have a list of things to do as long as your arm- the roof needs repairing and the chimney needs mending. The bedrooms need decorating and we haven t had the broken windowpanes replaced yet in the conservatory. we need to fix the gate and repair the path- it looks dreadful when you arrive.” 
26. John lives in the center of London.(F)
27. The agent hasn't done anything to John's flat(F)
28. June and Pete live near to John.(T)
29. There are broken windowpanes in the conservatory(T)
30. The front of the house is in a good state.(F)
3\三,阅读理解
21-25题:阅读下列短文,从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个正确答案,并将答案序号写在答题纸上
PAT the Dog
Did you know there are sone very special dogs doing good work in our hospital wards? These are PAT(Pets As Therapy) dogs Doctors and nurses are recognising the benefits of pets pore and more- particularly for children, people with mental illnesses and elderly people who are separated from their own pets or have had to give up their pets
Stroking and playing with a pet is a calming experience and something to look forward to. One hospital reported that a man with a mental illness, who hadn t spoken for years, first troked and played with a visiting dog and then started talking to it
Today, around 4, 500 dogs and 50 cats and their volunteer owners are at work in the UK bringing comfort and pleasure to over 100, 000 people in hospital.
There are many other working dogs. There are guard dogs. police dogs, hunting dogs and dogs for the blind. Disabled people benefit greatly. Take the case of Alan Saythe, who has to visit hospital every month. Some things are difficult for hin because he is in a wheelchair. But his life has altered dramatically since he got a dog. Tess, from the charity'Dogs for the Disabled'.'She helps me to get dressed, and she bring me my socks and shoes. She fetches the newspaper froe the shop and she passes me the phone when it rings. I feel so nuch better too. It' s like having really good friends. She comes with me to hospital. Once, she saved my life. I an a diabetic an one day my blood sugar level dropped, and when I was going into a coma she went next door and she alerted my neighbour, Re gave
me an insulin injection
21. Which of the following statement is TRUE according to the assage?   B    
A. All the dogs are allowed into the hospitals to visit the patients
B. only some special dogs can help the pat ients feel better
C. Doctors and nurses doubt if pets can bring comfort to the patients
22. Pets are particularly beneficial to the fol lowing EXCEPT  C  
A. children
B. people with mental illness
C. the elderly people who live alone
23. The first sentence of Para. 2 suggests   C   
A. pets can make people become quiet and attentive
B. people feel uncomfortable when they touch and play with pet
C. people feel relaxed and hopeful when they touch and play with a pet
24. The dog helps Alan do the following EXCEPT   B    
A. She helps her get dressed
B. She picks up the phone for her
C. She gets the newspaper for her
25. The sentence “…when I was going to a comma…” means that  C   
A. when I got hungry
B. when I fell down on the floor.
C. when I became unconscious.

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